Gautama Vajra Vajracharya (Nepali: गौतम वज्र वज्राचार्य) is a Nepali Sanskritist and scholar specializing in the iconography of the Indian Sub-Continent. Vajracharya learned Sanskrit from Nayaraj Pant. Beside grammar Vajracharya was also taught to read ancient inscriptions and iconography.

Vajracharya’s first job, which was commissioned by Tribhuvan University, was writing a guide to the Basantapur Durbar Square. His career took a major turn when he was given a job in the late 1970s at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art by Dr. Pratapaditya Pal, Senior Curator of Indian and Southeast Asian Art at the museum. Vajracharya got a master’s degree in Art History from the Claremont Graduate University.

He completed his Ph.D. in South Asian Languages and Literature from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Vajracharya taught at the University of Wisconsin for nearly 30 years and is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Art History. He has published numerous works and books related to the Nepali and South Asian history extracted from the region’s art.