Bstan-‘dzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV and Adam Pearcey, trans. 2005. “A Prayer to Kindle the Three Kinds of Faith Addressed to the Seventeen Great Paṇḍitas of Glorious Nālandā.” Lotsawa House. (English) (Tibetan)

Blumenthal, James. 2012. “The Seventeen Pandits of Nalanda Monastery.” Mandala Magazine. July-September. FPMT. (

“Seventeen Great Masters (Panditas) of Nalanda Monastery.” The Stupa. (

“Seventeen Nalanda Masters.” Rigpa Wiki. (

“Timeline: Important Key Events and Influential Buddhist Figures in the History of Tibet, India, and the Himalayan Region.” The Stupa. (

In the beginning, I sought much learning. |  In the middle, all teachings dawned on me as spiritual exhortation.  |  In the end, I practiced day and night.  |  I dedicated all this virtue for the dharma to flourish.
Thinking this over, how well my destiny is fulfilled!  |  Thank you very much, Noble Lord Wisdom Treasure!
I. Quest for Extensive Learning
With the darkness of confusion concerning the points to adopt or reject  |  Not dispelled by the lamp of perfect learning,  |  If you do not know even the path, what need to speak  |  Of entering the supreme city of liberation!
Therefore, not content with a partial or superficial understanding  |  Of the treatises of the Invincible Lord of Dharma (Ajita, or Maitreya)  |  And those of (the great sages) widely renowned in India  |  As the Six Ornaments and the Two Supreme Ones,  |  I studied them all in great detail.
-from Tenzin Tsepag, trans. “Destiny Fulfilled: Tsongkhapa’s Spiritual Training as a Song of Realization,” verses 4-6. (

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